A docu-drama narrated by Jung Bo Suk that tells of the people and history of Myeongdong between 1953-1960, when it was at its height as the cultural centre of the country. It captures both the beauty and incredible tragedy that surrounded that period, with its many artistic innovations as well as the blood, sweat and tears of the people in the years following the Korean War.
Runtime: 60 minutes
Count of Myeongdong - Foreign relations of Taiwan - Netflix
The foreign relations of the Republic of China (ROC), referred to by many states as Taiwan, are the relations between the Republic of China and other countries. The Republic of China is recognized by 17 out of 193 United Nations member states, as well as the Holy See. These diplomatic relations do not constitute an acceptance by these nations of Taiwan as a state, but rather represent a recognition of the ROC government as the representative of all of China, including the Chinese mainland. In addition to these relations, the ROC maintains unofficial relations with 57 UN member states via its representative offices and consulates. ROC passport has 124 countries and Hong Kong (ranking 33rd in the world) reciprocally exchange Visa exemption agreements as of 2018. The Republic of China government participated in the 1943 Moscow Conference, the Dumbarton Oaks Conference, and the United Nations Conference on International Organization and was a charter member of the United Nations after taking part in the alliance that won World War II. In 1949, the Nationalists lost the Chinese Civil War in mainland China and retreated to Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu, forming a Rump State. Despite the major loss of territory, the ROC continued to be recognized as the legitimate government of China by the UN and by many non-Communist states. In 1971, the UN expelled the ROC and transferred China's seat to the People's Republic of China (PRC). In addition to the ad tempus recognition of the ROC by a majority of countries before UN Resolution 2758, the Republic of China lost its membership in all the intergovernmental organizations related to the UN. As the UN and related organizations like the International Court of Justice are the most common venues for effective execution of international law and serve as the international community for states in the post-World War II period, a majority of the countries aligned with the West in the Cold War terminated diplomatic relations with the ROC and exchanged diplomatic relations with the PRC instead. The United Nations Charter's Articles 23 and 110, in its Chapter II, explicitly refer to the Republic of China, but the seat of China is currently occupied by the People's Republic of China. The ROC continues to maintain de facto relations, including with most of the non-governmental organizations at the United Nations, in addition with the concern from UNESCO. Exclusively, the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, which is entitled by the founding of the United Nations as the cornerstone of modern-day diplomacy since the Vienna Congress, was signed and ratified by the Republic of China on 18 April 1961 and 19 December 1969 including Optional Protocol concerning the Compulsory Settlement of Disputes. Article 35 of 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties also applies to the ROC since 1971. Due to the ROC's insecurity and intolerance in the 1970s and 1980s after being expelled by the UN as well as American influence, the ROC has been gradually democratized and adopting universal suffrage from the one-party military rule under the leadership of President Chiang Ching-kuo. The first direct presidential election was held in 1996 and the incumbent President Lee Teng-hui was elected. As of 4 May 2015, ROC nationals are eligible for preferential visa treatment from 142 countries and areas. In the context of superpower and influential diplomacy, the ROC's traditional and stable allies includes United States of America, Canada, Japan, Australia and New Zealand. The ROC's cultural diplomacy includes the establishment of the Taiwan Resource Center for Chinese Studies in 2012 in major Universities around the world. The ROC is one of the main supporters of official development assistance with the International Cooperation and Development Fund managing ROC's Foreign Assistance and International Cooperation projects. As of 2010, along with other US security allies including Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and South Korea in the Asia-Pacific region with Taiwan Relations Act, officials of the ROC have gained quasi-official level visits to the United States both in the governmental and political level, including the US–Taiwan cooperative military guidance in the annual Han Kuang joint-force exercises. The Common Strategic Objectives of Joint Statement of the U.S.-Japan Security Consultative Committee of 2005 and 2011 (and reiterated in 2013) included to encourage the peaceful resolution of issues concerning the Taiwan Strait through dialogue and encourage China’s responsible and constructive role in regional stability and prosperity, its cooperation on global issues, and its adherence to international norms of behavior, while building trust among the United States, Japan, and China. Improve openness and transparency with respect to China’s military modernization and activities and, strengthen confidence building measures, with China's rapid expanding military investments. The Republic of China's GDP by nominal means is ahead of several G20 economies of global financial governance. In the context of international norm of tabula rasa, there is a variety of forms for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the ROC as a de facto state in readiness to join the international community, and (if applicable) as a sui generis entity of international law, abiding by the reference of ex factis jus oritur principle and a priori and a posteriori of the Republic of China, to participate in the international organizations as defined by the international organizational norms and Union of International Associations. As a non-member state of the United Nations, by participating as members in one or more UN specialized agencies and operating in a two parallel political system with the Chinese Communist Party as in the case of Germany and Korea, ROC may be granted a Permanent Observer status in the UN, such as the IMF and World Bank. Involvement and participation in the Asia Pacific Innovation Conference allow interaction with Director of Economics and Statistics Division of WIPO, who directly reports to the Director-General. Due to “the absence of a cross-strait understanding” (1992 consensus), Republic of China encounters international isolation under the pro-Taiwan independence administration of Democratic Progressive Party and is hence forbidden to attend World Health Assembly, Interpol, International Civil Aviation Organization, United Nation's Kimberley Process Certification Scheme and as well as UNFCCC meetings. With Xi Jinping assuming General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, ROC's (multi-sector) Civil Society currently participates in 11 projects of United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. ROC ranks 31st of 176 countries and territories in the 2016 Transparency International's Corruption Perception Index and is placed in Band B of the Government Defense Corruption Index.
Count of Myeongdong - Bangladesh - Netflix
Bangladesh has had limited bilateral exchanges with the ROC since it declared independence in 1971, from China's ally Pakistan. Bangladesh is located at a pivotal position on the South Asian subcontinent between East India and Myanmar. Bangladesh, which is the second largest South Asian partner of the ROC, witnessed a jump in bilateral trade by 38% last year in spite of a global slump. Bangladesh mainly exports garments, knitwear, jutes, leathers and handicrafts to the ROC and imports an assortment of textiles, machines, electronics, steels, plastics from the same. Trade with Bangladesh is expected to expand in the coming years as more Taiwanese companies set up manufacturing bases there.
Count of Myeongdong - References - Netflix